Precision COVID-19 Vaccine with Companion Diagnostics

Although disease enhancement by antibodies has been described for corona and other viruses,
nobody can predict whether such antibodies induced by the vaccine will not be harmful,
especially after reinfection with a different strain. Alternative vaccines could induce memory
T-cell responses, in the absence of antibodies, to kill newly infected cells. Preclinical testing
of such precision vaccines is performed in silico without animal experiments since epitopes
predicted to bind to three HLA class I molecules of a subject activate cytotoxic T-cell response
with more than 80% probability. Data science can be utilized to select the immunogenic
vaccine peptides from the coronavirus replicase protein and estimate the immune response rate
in an HLA-genotyped population. Employing accessible platform technologies, a set of
precision vaccines could be co-developed with an HLA-genotype based companion diagnostic
to identify the vaccine that most likely induces responses in the subject. The goal of precision
vaccination is to convert the deadly COVID-19 into asymptomatic disease and to avoid the
potential risk of disease enhancement.

Projektvezető adatai
Farkas Attila
Számítástechnikai és Automatizálási Kutatóintézet